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丹东(东港)观鸟节简介
发表时间:2011-09-09  浏览数:1115  我要评论(2)

  丹东(东港)观鸟节自2006年首次举办以来,得到了社会各界广泛好评,每年4月末,盛大的观鸟节都会在东港如期举办,届时将吸引众多鸟类研究专家、观鸟爱好者、游客来东港观鸟、赏鸟。每年的这个时候,鸭绿江口国家级自然保护区内就呈现出一幅壮观秀美、自然和谐的画卷,芦苇荡荡,碧波千里,鸟鸣声声,一面是滚滚的黄海水,气势澎湃,一面是星罗棋布的海鸟,他们时而在海面闲庭信步,时而成群结队、一跃而起、遮天蔽日,在海天之间,演绎着鸟与人类和谐相处的美好场景。


鸭绿江口国家级湿地自然保护区

  以鸟为媒,以节交友,丹东(东港)观鸟节整合了东港特色旅游区域、挖掘当地蕴含的历史文化、充分发挥自然资源丰富优势,成为时尚而高雅的户外活动,以举办观鸟节活动为契机,唤起人们对生态环境的保护意识,促进丹东东港经济与环境的协调发展。

  经专家考证,在世界上众多的鸟类自然保护区中,鸭绿江口国家级自然保护区是世界上鸟类种群最为集中的地区,也是世界上三个最为理想的观鸟地之一 ,可与新西兰的米兰达湿地自然保护区、北美洲加拿大沿岸相毗美,不仅鸟类多,种群大,而且观鸟地的自然条件最佳,距城市近,交通方便,是难得的湿地观鸟旅游的圣地。

  在亚洲,鸟类的迁徙有两条路线,既东亚、西亚两条。西亚的路线主要飞经菲律宾、印度的恒河河口、阿拉伯半岛、最后到达欧洲的多瑙河流域和俄罗斯的西部,东部的迁徙路线主要飞经中国香港、中国台湾、长江口、双台子河口、大洋河口、鸭绿江口,最后到达中国的大兴安岭、俄罗斯的西伯利亚东部、美国的阿拉斯加半岛,丹东(东港)的鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区是涉禽鸟类迁徙的必经之地,从越冬地长途飞行到这里,身体已经十分疲惫,因此,大量鸟类在这里需停留月余,靠吃大量的滩涂生物来恢复和储备体能,等待有利风向和气候再次起飞,到达他们的出生地生儿育女,这就是为什么鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区4、5月份涉禽鸟类种类多、群落大的原因,可以说,鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区是鸟类迁徙的“加油站”。


鸭绿江口国家级湿地自然保护区

  鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区位于东港市境内,东起鸭绿江口,西至东港市与庄河市交界处,北靠鹤大公路,南至黄海浅海5米等深线,总面积770平方公里,是我国原始滨海湿地的缩影,是重要的基因库和野生生物赖以生存的物质基础,不仅具有很高的经济价值,更具有重要的生态价值。

  经调查,经由鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区的鸟类有240余种,大概可分为5类,主要是:鴴鹬类、鸥类、雁鸭类、鹭类和鹤类,其中鹤类较少。鹬类有斑尾塍鹬,黑腹滨鹬、大滨鹬、大杓鹬、中杓鹬、翻石鹬、蒙古沙鴴、灰斑鴴等;鸥类主要有黑嘴鸥、黑尾鸥、红嘴鸥、银鸥、燕鸥等;鹭类有大白鹭、草鹭等;雁鸭类主要有翘鼻麻鸭、豆雁、大雁等。其中世界珍稀鸟类有黑嘴鸥和斑背大苇莺,国家一级保护鸟类丹顶鹤、白鹤、黑鹤等8种,国家二级保护鸟类大天鹅等29种。在中日、中澳候鸟保护协定中分别占有114种和43种。每年在此越冬、过境、栖息的各种鸟类达上百万只,最大鸟群可达12万只。而在此栖息繁殖的黑嘴鸥是世界珍稀鸟类,并且种群数量达500只以上,超过其种群总数的2%。2001年6月,日本黑嘴鸥研究会的专家在保护区内一天观察到黑嘴鸥209只,其中还包括数十只刚会飞行的雏鸟。这里数量最多的鸟是斑尾塍鹬,在20%-30%左右。而数量最小的则是黑脸琵鹭。全世界也不过300只,鸟类专家们在这里曾发现了6-7只的鸟群。

  东港市人民政府、丹东市鸭绿江口湿地国家级自然保护区管理局十分重视湿地保护区的保护工作。自保护区成立以来,先后投资千万元,开展了保护区基础建设工作。2001年建立了保护区孤山管理站,2006年建立了保护区东港管理站,为加强涉禽鸟类的保护规划用地1200亩,建立了涉禽鸟类栖息地,为充分利用湿地资源,遵循科学发展观,本着“在保护中开发,在开发中保护”的原则,2006年专门为湿地观鸟旅游建设了东港市鸭绿江口湿地观鸟园,成为东港旅游业发展的亮点。

  观鸟作为一种时尚而高雅的环保户外活动,是人类回归大自然、追求美好生活的重要体现,同时也展示人与自然和谐相处的美好愿望。几年来,东港市始终把观鸟节作为一张绿色名片来打造,作为一种特色文化来发展,不断创新观鸟节的形式,丰富观鸟节的内容,扩大观鸟节的影响,让更多的人关注鸭绿江口湿地,让更多得人关心生态、保护生态,共创美好家园。

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